Seasonal Report Archive for The Loon - Towhees, Sparrows
This is the 1930 to present seasonal report archive for
The Loon, journal of the Minnesota Ornithologists' Union.
The last 2 years are available to MOU members.
Whistling-Ducks, Geese, Swans, Ducks
New World Quail
Partridge, Pheasants, Grouse, Turkeys
Pigeons, Doves
Rails, Gallinules, Coots
Stilts, Avocets
Gulls, Terns
Bitterns, Herons, Egrets, Night-Herons
New World Vultures
Kites, Accipiters, Hawks, Eagles
Barn Owls
Screech-Owls, Owls
Caracaras, Falcons
Jays, Nutcrackers, Magpies, Crows
Martins, Swallows
Chickadees, Titmice
Old World Flycatchers
Thrashers, Mockingbirds
Old World Sparrows
Snow Buntings and Longspurs
Towhees, Sparrows
Tanagers, Cardinals, Grosbeaks
Blackbirds, Orioles

Species: Towhees, Sparrows
Green-tailed Towhee
Spotted Towhee
Eastern Towhee
[Spotted Towhee X Eastern Towhee]
[Pipilo towhee]
American Tree Sparrow
Chipping Sparrow
Clay-colored Sparrow
Brewer's Sparrow
Field Sparrow
Vesper Sparrow
Lark Sparrow
Black-throated Sparrow
Lark Bunting
Savannah Sparrow
Grasshopper Sparrow
Baird's Sparrow
Henslow's Sparrow
Le Conte's Sparrow
Nelson's Sparrow
Fox Sparrow
Song Sparrow
Lincoln's Sparrow
Swamp Sparrow
White-throated Sparrow
Harris's Sparrow
White-crowned Sparrow
Golden-crowned Sparrow
Dark-eyed Junco

White-throated Sparrow(Zonotrichia albicollis)
1930SummerNear Deer River on June 19th, Gustav Swanson found a nest of this species which contained two eggs. The nest held four eggs on June 21st and on the latter date the same observer found another nest in the same vicinity, which contained three young birds.
1932Summer4 eggs reposed in a Whit-e-throat's nest at Onrunia, Hay 28 (Swcdenborg) 1 o.nd the latest nest, with 4 young, was seen at Birchdale, July 15 (Swans on) •
1933Summer Hanson found a nest of this _churming bird near ~yon July 15th, when it housed 3 newly-hatched young. Young just out of the nest were seen by Risser at Sturgeon Lake on July 1st.
1934Summer Morse found tho earliest nest, situated under a fallon spruce nen.r a crook, while it wn.s yet unfinished, on 1-.:lay 27th at Cloquet. Risser found the last nest at Sturgeon Lake on June 28th when it held 1 egg and tvro Brown-headed Cowbird eggs.
1936Summer Milton Thompson found a nest of four eggs at Aurora on May 24th. E. D. Swedenborg saw young just out of the nest at Brule River on June 2.3rd.
1937SummerMarius Morse found young peabody-birds in the Cloquet Valley Forest.
1940SummerG. Rysgaard located a nest with 4 eggs on June 29, at Sturgeon Lake.
1945SummerNest with 3 eggs, June 9, near Biwabik, Olga Lakela.
1946Summer3 eggs and 1 young, June 14, Beltrami Co., Owre; 3 nests with 5 eggs, June 4, 5, 7, St. Louis Co., Bro. Hubert. Found in two of the six years.
1962Falllast week of Nov., feeder in west Minneapolis, Gloria Peleaux; Nov. 27, Duluth, Janet C. Green; Dec. 15, Winona, Brother Theodore.
1962WinterThis is probably one of the first "White-throated Sparrow Winters" on record in Minn. While not abundant in any single locality, they were widely reported. Dec. 10-31, Hibbing, at feeder, Harriet Micensky; Jan. 6-7 thru late Feb., N. shore Mille Lacs Lake, Aitkin Co., two, then only one, at feeder reported by W. R. Pieper; Feb. 12, one banded at Genoa, Olmsted Co. by Carl Johnson, John Feehan. See also Christmas Census in this issue.
1963SpringMarch 31, Minneapolis, R. Janssen; April13, Ram· sey Co., A. C. Rosenwinkel; April 13, Shotley, Beltrami Co., (early) Mabel Goranson; April 29, Cass Co., the Math· isens.
1963SummerSt. Louis, Co. Duluth, June 21-27, 1 y out of nest, being fed, A. K. Arndt.Duluth, July 29, nest with 1 egg, 1 y, D. Meyer. Hib- bing, July 11, nest in Blueberry bushes, 4 eggs, Harriet Micensky Lincoln's Sp.arr'Ow: Beltrami Co., Waskish, June 29, several small sparrows flitting nervously about from Black Spruce-White Cedar swamp to roadside ditch with weeds. One clearly seen was adult Lincoln's with gray face, buffy breast band and necklace streakings. Other may have been flying juvenals? Avifauna! Club. Would seem to be an ideal spot for breeding although no breeding evidence has been presented in recent years. Several adults were seen in Lake Co., near S. Kawishiwi River on July 20 but these were intermingled with numerous
1963WinterDec 6 daily to Jan 19, Minneapolis, Mpls Audubon Society; Dec 22, Green Lake, Kandiyohi Co., feeder of R. A. Thompson; Dec 28, May Township, Washington Co., D. Honetschlager; Nov 20 thru Dec 1, Minneapolis, Mrs. Ed Harms; all winter, Rochester, fide John Feehan; F eb 26, Winona, 2 at feeder, Eunice Christenson. See also Christmas count.
1964Summerbreeding Lake (DM, JCG) and St. Louis (DM) Counties.
1964Winter12-9, Mpls, 1, MEH; 12-17, Ramsey Co, 1, Mrs. Case; XC period, Afton, Washington Co, 1; 12-26, Mpls. 2, XC; all winter, Mpls, 1 to 2 at feeder, WJB. ·Swamp Sparrow: 1-23, Prairie Island, Winona Co, 3, DB, RBJ; 1-31 Grass Lake, Hennepin Co, 2, RBJ.
1965Springearliest 4-17 Minneapolis, RBJ.
1966Springearliest 3-7 Collegeville, RPR wintering?); 3-22 Rochester, JPF and Dakota Co, FN/ MAS; 4-9 Eyota, FGD.
1966Summerreported from Cook, Lake, St. Louis, Itasca, Cass, Beltrami, and Clearwater Co's.
1966FallLatest 1 0-31 Duluth, JCG; 11-17 Hennepin Co., MHM, VL; 11-27 Fargo, MGA.
1966Winter1-6 Minnetonka, Hennepin Co., 1, DWL; 1-22 Minneapolis, Hennepin Co., VL; all winter, 1 or 2 at feeders, St. Paul, Ramsey Co., MIG; all winter at feeder, Central Lakes, St. Louis Co., MMP; 2-2 to 2-9 Duluth, St. Louis Co., Sister Emerline fide JCG.
1967Springearly, "March" Hennepin Co., MEH; 3-31 Hennepin Co., VL; 4-2 Hennepin Co., EMB; 4-2 St. Louis Co., MMP; 4-7 Hennepin Co., VL.
1967Fall latest 11-1 7 Hennepin Co., EWJ; 11-18 Duluth, KS; 11-25 Hibbing, HM; 11-27 Fargo-Moorhead, EGA. i r
1967Winter 12-23 FargoMoorhead, fide EGA; 1-3 St. Paul, 2, ACR; 2-24 Fillmore Co., 1, AFR; 12-24 to 1-20 Cook Co., Schroeder, 1 daily, MAF; 1-1 through most of Jan. , Duluth, St. Louis Co., 1 injured, KS; 12-27 through winter, 1 imm at feeder, Minneapolis, SAW; more records than usual. Collegeville, Stearns Co., 1, KE.
1968Spring early 3-18 Fargo- Moorhead, fide EGA; 3-24 St. Louis Co., Meadowlands, MJH; 4-1 FargoMoorhead, fide EGA; 4-11 Cook Co., RLG; noteworthy that all the early records were from the north.
1968Summer nested in Clearwater Co; also reported from Cook, Lake, St. Louis, Carlton, Beltrami, Hubbard, Pine Co's. ,,
1968Fall9-20 Duluth 125 MC; 9-25 Cook IOO's MAF; latest 11-19 Ramsey MIG; 11-30 Cook MOP; 11-30 St. Louis HM.
1968Winter11-20-12-20 Rice GNR; Nov.-April St. Louis (Duluth) AKA; 1-20 Hennepin (Edina) RG. THE LOON 48
1969Spring4-8 Carver Co., FN j MAS; 4-9 Hennepin Co., EFH; 4-12 Duluth, MMC; 4-13 Kanabec Co., RHJ; 5-1 (50) Hennepin Co., EFH; 5-11 (75) Washington Co., DS; 5-13 Minneapolis, WL.
1969Summernested in St. Louis Co.; also reported from Cook, Marshall, Roseau, Beltrami, Clearwater, and Lake Co's.
1969Fall10-9 St. Louis 40 JCG; 9-17 Washington WHL; 9-17 Hennepin WKE; 9-29 Carver 76 KH; 11-23 Duluth MC; 11-25 Mille Lacs WJH; 11-30 Olmsted HBW; 11-30 Winona BTV; 11-30 Hennepin MM and WKE.
1969WinterReported by 14 observers through mid-Jan. from Lyon, Hennepin, Wabasha, Swift, Cottonwood, Rice, Chisago, Goodhue, Carver, Blue Earth. Also reported throughout the winter from Hennepin (2 observers), Crow Wing, Olmsted, Winona, Chisago, Blue Earth, Ramsey, 1-31 Cook T. Dyke.
1970Springearly south 4-10 Hennepin BDC; 4-11 Hennepin EB; 4-13 Carver KH; early north 4-21 Duluth MMC; 4-22 Duluth JG; peak 5-1 Lake (150) RK; late south 5-17 Freeborn PF and Wright BH; 5-29 Chisago FS.
1970Summerreported from St. Louis (53 at Floodwood 7-2, MMC), Cook, Lake, Crow Wing, and Itasca Co's.
1970Falllate north 11-2 Crow Wing )Band Duluth, A. K. Arndt; late south 11-2 Hennepin PF ; 11-5 Hennepin WKE; 12-2 Hennepin ES.
1971Springearly south 4-9 Winona TV; 4-10 Lyon 1-IK; 4-17 Chisago FS and Scott PE; early north 4-20 Morrison LR and Cook JP; late south 5-18 Hennepin BDC; 5-28 Winona 1-IW.
1971Summernested in Cook and Crow Wing; also reported from St. Louis, Aitkin, Hennepin (7-28, D. Paul; early migrant?), Marshall, Beltrami, Clearwater, Lake of the Woods and Roseau.
1971Falllate south 11-12 Henne pin; 11-13 Ramsey; late north 10-31 Duluth; 11-10 Crow Wing; 12-11 Clearwater.
1971Winter12/15 Clearwater (first winter record), 1/1 Cottonwood (first winter record)
1972Summerseen In Clearwater, Hubbard, Becker, Beltrami, Cass, St. Louis, Lake. Cook, Aitkin, Crow Wing, Isanti (MRF).
1972WinterNORTH Present until about 1-10 Duluth MMC and B. Ho.inaki. SOUTH 12-31 Rochester JAB; 1-7 Winona RBJ, DR; 2-26 Sherburne SRS; 1-18 to 2-23 (6) Nicolle t Mall, Minneapolis BDC, RBJ, CLH.
1973Summer Seen in Cook, Lake, St. Louis, Itasca, Aitkin, Crow Wing, Carlton, Mille Lacs, Isanti, Hennepin, ((6-26 RBJ), Lac qui Parle (6-10 Boyd -Mrs. Oscar Eckhardt).
1973Fall Reported from 22 counties. Peak 9/6 St. Louis (40) (JAB).
1973Winter Seen on the Bloomington, Hastings and Winona Christmas Counts; also 6 on the Nicollet Mall, downtown Minneapolis (CH); 12-26 in Ramsey Co. (JJ), and in January in the Encampment Forest, Lake Co. (H. Harbor).
1974Summer Nested in Lake; also reported from Lake of the Woods, Clearwater, Aitkin, Itasca, Carlton, St. Louis, Cook, Marshall.
1974Fall Late north 11-11 Duluth JG; 11-17 Clay LCF; late south 11-23 Olmsted JF; 11-28 Stearns MC.
1974Winter Reported from Hennepin (again on the Nicollet Mall in Minneapolis, CLH), Ramsey (St. Paul Christmas Count), Olmsted (12-27 to 12-29, JF), Winona (1-1 and 1-21, Mrs. Gadow, D. Becker), Duluth (all winter, J. Gallian), Crow Wing (Crosby Christmas Count), Cass (Walker Christmas Count) Co's. 12/15 Isanti (first winter record)
1975Spring Early south 3-7 Hennepin CLH; 4-12 Freeborn DG; 4-13 Wright BAH; early north 4-22 Crow Wing JB; 4-25 Itasca MS; 3 reports on 4-26; late south 5-19 Hennepin VRL.
1975Summer Reported from Marshall, Lake of the Woods, Cass, Itasca, St. Louis, Lake and Cook.
1975Fallearly south 9-3 Ramsey BS, Hennepin DB; late north 11·2 Clay LCF; 11-9 Duluth KE; late south 11-13 Goodhue CF, 11-19 Olmstead VH; 11-23 Lyon HK.
1975Winterreported from Crow Wing (Crosby Christmas Count); Lac qui Parle (12-14, OE), Hennepin, Ramsey, Washington, Da· kota, Olmsted and Winona Co's.
1976Spring Early north 4-15 Clay LCF; 4-16 St. Louis JCG; 4-18 Crow Wing JB; late south 5-22 Hennepin BE and Stearns NMH.
1976Summerreported from 12 counties including Roseau, Marshall and Pine; more reports than usual.
1976Fall Early south 9-4 Cottonwood, 9-7 Olmsted; late north 11-14 Otter Tail, 11-26 Cook; late south 11-13 Houston, 11-14 Olmsted, 11-30 Mower.
1976Winter Reported from Mower, Anoka, Hennepin (all winter on the Nicollet Mall, downtown Minneapolis), Ramsey, Houston, Washington, Otter Tail (1-1; NJ), Beltrami (L. Elwell) and Cook (122; TS).
1977Spring Early north 4-12 St. Louis GN; 4-14 Itasca MS and Crow Wing DK; 4-16 Otter Tail GEW; late 3 reports 5-17.
1977Summer Nested in Clearwater; also reported from 12 other counties south to Anoka (Cedar Creek and Carlos Avery, JH, KL); more reports than usual.
1977Fall Early south 8-24 Freeborn (DG), 97 Washington (DGW), late south 12-1 Wabasha (RL).
1978Summer Early south 9-17 Washington WL, 9-18 Dakota JD; late north 11-29 St. Louis KE; late south 11-30 Fillmore GBE.
1978Fall Early south 9-17 Washington WL, 9-18 Dakota JD; late north 11-29 St. Louis KE; late south 11-30 Fillmore GBE.
1978Winter Migrants as late as early January reported in 9 counties north to Polk (East Grand Forks CBC) and Duluth (until 1-13, KE); overwintered in Fillmore.
1979Spring Early south 3-27 Lac qui Parle CMB, 4-1 Hennepin TD, 5-2 Mower RRK; early north 4-17 Clay LCF, 4-18 Hubbard HF, Otter Tail GMO; late south 5-24 Hennepin OJ, 5-29 Sibley MC.
1979Summer Breeding reported from Lake; also seen in Cook, St. Louis, Itasca, Beltrami, Clearwater, Marshall (Thief Lake WMA), Stearns (6-30 Grand Lake, NMH), Pine (Kerrick, RBJ).
1979Fall Early south 8-16 Dakota JD, 9-14 Washington WL; late north 11-11 Otter Tail GMO, 11-30 Hubbard HF; late south 11-18 Dakota MW, 11-30 Anoka BH and Houston EMF.
1979Winter Overwintered in Hubbard, Anoka and Houston. Also reported from Hennepin, Redwood and Nicollet. Song Spa~rrow Overwintered in Houston (m.ob.). December migrants Hennepin, Goodhue and Marshall. January reports from Cottonwood 1-1 (RLG) and Mower 1-19 (RRK). February migrant in Olmsted 2-27 (JF).
1980Spring Early south 3-1 Houston EMF, probable wintering bird, Le Sueur EK; early north 3-2 Hubbard HF wintered?, 4-19 St. Louis KMH; late south 5-19 Dakota LF, 5-20 Lyon HK, RamseyDGW.
1980Summer Breeding reported from Lake, Hubbard; also seen throughout the Northeast and North Central Regions plus Roseau, Becker, Pine, Chisago (Goose Creek NA), Anoka (Cedar Creek NHA).
1980Fall Early south 8-27 Stearns RH, 8-31 Anoka KL; late north 10-27 St. Louis JG, 11-26 Lake fide SW; late south 11-29 Houston EMF, 11-30 Ramsey JP.
1980Winter Overwintered at Isabella, Lake County (SS), Olmsted (JF) and Houston (EMF). Additional reports from Hennepin until 1-19 (SC), Sucker Creek, Ramsey County until1-5 (REH), (BJ), Nicollet 12-12 (JCF), Dodge 2-1 (BJ) and Mower until12-15 (RJ). 2/1 Dodge (first winter record), 12/20 Sherburne (first winter record)
1981Spring Early south 3-1 Houston EMF (overwintered), 3-16 Hennepin KE, 4-8 Hennepin GP, ES, 4-14 Hennepin SC; early north 3-24 Pennington KSS, 4-2 Itasca MS, 4-11 Cass DJ, St. Louis LW, 4-14 St. Louis JG; late south 5-13 Hennepin VL, Houston EMF, 5-14 Washington DR, 5-15 Dakota TC, Nicollet JCF, Stearns SE, Wabasha DWM.
1981Summer Breeding data from Hubbard, Cook; nesting reported from Cass. Seen throughout range. Lincoln1s Sparrow Seen in Lake of the Woods, Beltrami, Koochiching, St. Louis, Lake, Cook, PINE (Nickerson, KRE).
1981Fall Early south 9-9 Houston EMF, 9-14 Hennepin SC; late north 10-30 Clay LCF, Hubbard HJF, St. Louis TL, 1031 Aitkin WN, St. Louis LW; late south 11-12 Hennepin ES, 11-23 Dakota MW.
1981Winter One at a Duluth feeder 12-30, fide (KE) and a Nicollet report on 12-4 (JCF).
1982SpringEarly south 4-4 Dakota RJ, 4-14Houston EMF, 4-16 LeSueur HC; early north 4-19 Crow Wing JB, 4-24 Carlton LW, Clay LCF, St. Louis JG, 4-25 Beltrami AS, St. Louis KE, BLG, TW; late south 5-20 Ramsey SC, 5-24 Hennepin ES.
1982Summer Breeding data from Cook, Lake, Mille Lacs, Hubbard. Seen throughout the Northeast and North Central regions plus Roseau.
1982Fall Early south 9/3 Nicollet JCF, 9/6 Hennepin DB, 9/12 Hennepin SC; late north 11/7 Clay LCF, 11/11 Lake SWIMS, St. Louis KE, 11/14 Wilkin SDM; late south 11/26 Hennepin SC, 11/29 Dakota JPIAM, Lac qui Parle FAE, 11/30 Olmsted JEB, Ramsey DZ/MC.
1982Winter North reports from Cook, 12/18 (KMH) St. Louis, Duluth until 12/31 (D. Gilbertson) and Crow Wing 12/18 (WN), 2/5 (RBJ, RG), 2-6 (WN). In the south overwintered in Hennepin, Dakota and Wabasha. Also reported from Nicollet (JCT) and Lac qui parle 12/24, 11/5. (AFE).
1983Spring Early south 31 I Hennepin SC, (probable wintering bird?) 3/11 Ramsey DZ/ MC,(wintering bird) 3/13 Houston EMF; early north 4/8 Otter Tail SDM, 4/24 Crow Wing JB, 4/26 St. Louis AE; late south 5/24 Cottonwood WH, 5/25 Brown JSp, Olmsted RE, Washington WL.
1983Summer Breeding data from Cook, Lake, Hubbard. Seen throughout the Northeast and North Central plus Marshall, Pennington, Mille Lacs.
1983Fall Late north II113 St. Louis VR, 11/29 Crow Wing JB, 11/30 Beltrami JSP; late south 11/20 Hennepin PF, 11/27 Hennepin ES, 11/30 Houston EMF, Nicollet JCF.
1983Winter Reported from five north and nine south counties. Statewide CBC count of 31 with a peak of eight at Duluth. Found in Roseau until 12-21 (AJ) and on the Grand Marais CBC. In St. Paul, one was in full song near a downtown bus stop on 1-30 (MRBA).
1984Spring Early south 3/1 Hennepin SC, Nicollet JCF, 3/4 Hennepin PL, 3/23 Hennepin RH, (probably all wintering birds); early north 4/3 Clay LCF, 4/10 Pennington KSS, 4/20 Aitkin WN; late south 5/17 Lac qui Parle FAE, Mower GS, Winona JH, 5/20 Olmsted RE, 5/26 Brown JSp.
1984Summernested in Cook; also seen in 16 other counties.
1984Fall Early south 9/12 Hennepin SC, 9/14 Washington TT, 9/15 Anoka JH; late north 1/14 Otter Tail SDM, St. Louis YR, 11/11 Aitkin WN, 11/16 Lake SWI MS, Pennington KSS; late south 11/20 Houston EMF, 11/23 Houston JD, 1/130 Hennepin SC.
1984Winter Reported from five north, four central and six south region counties. Overwintered in Koochiching (GM), Houston (EMF) and at the NSP Plaza in downtown Minneapolis (14th year in a row) (CH).
1985Spring Early south 31 I Hennepin SC, Houston EMF, 3/20 Hennepin RH ; (probably wintering birds) early north 4/16 Aitkin WN, Koochiching DJS, St. Louis MHI JS, 4/19 Clay LCF, Norman BK; late south 5/15 Hennepin SC, 5/18 Brown JSp, Cottonwood WH.
1985Summer Nested in Cook, Lake, St. Louis. Also seen in seven other counties throughout the northeast and north central regions plus Marshall (Agassiz NWR), Mille Lacs, Wabasha (7/5-7119, WDM).
1985Fall Early south 9/5 Hennepin SC, 9/7 Washington WL, 9/8 Ramsey KB; late north 10/14 Clay LCF, 10/15 Lake SWIMS, 10/20 Cook KMH, 10/20 Kanabec SSt; late south 11/7 Hennepin OJ, 1/115 Wabasha WDM, 11/30 Blue Earth JCF, 11/30 Winona FL.
1985Winter Reported on the Grand Marais and Rochester CBCs. Reported in Clay from 12/2 until 12/8 (LCF) and in Rice, 12/6 (FKS).
1986Spring Early south 3/21 Fillmore AMP, 4/6 Fillmore RS, 4/7 Chippewa RGJ; early north 4/8 St. Louis fide KE, 4/9 St. Louis MHIJS, 4/13 Hubbard JL, Koochiching GM; late south 5/14 Hennepin SC, ES, Washington WL, 5/16 Ramsey KB, 5/19 Brown JS.
1986Summer Late migrant 6/3 Clay. Nested in Lake, Koochiching (MS). Seen in all counties in the northeast and north central regions.except Crow Wing, plus Roseau, Marshall, Mille Lacs.
1986Fall Early south 8/26 Brown JS and Washington DS, 8/27 Anoka SC, 9/1 Hennepin DB; late north 11/5 Clay LCF, 11/8 Cook WP, ll/16 Aitkin WN; late south 11/22 Hennepin ES, 11/26 Ramsey TT, ll /29 Lac qui Parle FE.
1986Winter Reported on the Duluth, Crosby, St. Paul NE, Excelsior, Mankato, Faribault and Austin CBC's. Also reported from Houston and Fillmore. W ite-crowned Sparrow Reported on the Marshall and New Ulm CBC's, in Nicollet 1/29 (MF) and Kandiyohi 1/18 (RJ). 1/29 Nicollet (first winter record)
1987Spring Early south 3/17 Blue Earth JCF, 3/21 Scott RH, 3/31 Hennepin DB; early north 4/10 St. Louis MHIJS, 4/13 Aitkin WN, 4/19 Lake SWIMS, St. Louis fide KE; late south 5/14 Brown JS, 5/15 Freeborn NHo and Houston EMF, 5/23 Hennepin ES.
1987Summer Late migrant 6/3 Brown. Nested in Lake. Also seen in 14 other counties throughout range plus Anoka, Hennepin (6/25 - early July, Wood Lake, singing male, SC).
1987Fall Early south 9/2 Hennepin SC, 9/5 Hennepin TT, 9/7 Stevens EL; late north 10/24 Lake RJ, 11! I Clay LCF, 11!2 St. Louis SS; late south 11/16 Hennepin GP, 11/27 Hennepin DZ, 11/30 Fillmore ANO, Houston EMF.
1987Winter Reported on the Fargo-Moorhead, Bloomington, Hastings-Etter, Mankato, Owatonna and Austin CBC's. Also reported from Cook 12/22 (KMH), Duluth 12/18 until 1/27 (JN), Hennepin 1/29 (SC) and Houston, all winter (EMF).
1988Spring Early south 3/25 Scott LW, 3/28 Hennepin ES, 4/5 LeSueur HJC; early north 4/9 Duluth KE, 4/21 Clay MMM, 4/23 Aitkin WN; late south 5/15 Brown JS and Hennepin ES, 5/17 Houston EMF, Pipestone GS and Pope EL, 5/18 Fillmore NAO.
1988Summer Nested in Lake; seen in 12 other counties within range south to Becker, Todd, Aitkin.
1988Fall Early south 8/18 Brown JS, 8/19 Brown AP; 8/25 Hennepin OJ, late north 11/18 Duluth KE, 11/24 Aitkin AB, SC, 11/25 Aitkin WN, RJ; late south 11/6 Cottonwood BF, 11/8 Hennepin SC, 11/12 Fillmore NAO.
1988Winter Overwintered in Hennepin SC and Houston EMF. Reported in Red Lake 2/13 KL and until February in Duluth. Also reported on the Grand Marais, St. Paul NE, Mankato, Owatonna, Rochester and Winona CBCs. 2/13 Red Lake (first winter record)
1989Spring Early south 3/9 (wintering bird?) Hennepin SC, 4/12 Washington DS, 4/15 Hennepin OJ; early north 4/17 Cook KMH, 4/20 Pennington SKS, 4/21 Clay LCF, St. Louis CO; late south 5/20 Hennepin GP, 5/22 Hennepin SC, 5/23 Mower JM.
1989Summer Nested in Lake, Cook; seen in II other northern counties west to Marshall. Late migrants 6/3 Hennepin, 6/9 Ramsey, 6/19 Washington. 6/9 Ramsey (first summer record), 6/19 Washington (first summer record)
1989Fall Early south 9/9 Anoka GP, Hennepin SC, DZ, 9/10 Houston EMF, Ramsey PS, 9/11 Hennepin OJ, Washington BL; late north II I 13 Pennington KSS, 11/16 Cook KMH, 11/19 Cook OSL; late south II I 11 Houston EMF, Lac qui Parle CMB, Steele AB, 11/14 Hennepin EW, 11/21 Hennepin SC.
1989Winter Reported on the Hastings-Etter, Grand Marais, Duluth, Rochester, St. Paul (4), Afton, and Faribault CBCs. Overwintered in Hennepin, Houston, Hovland, Cook OSL, Kandiyohi, and found in Fillmore 1/13 RJ, AP and Freeborn I /25, (2) AP.
1990Spring Early south 3/1 Houston EMF (probably a wintering bird) 3/13 Hennepin GP, 3/27 Cottonwood ED; early north 3/28 Cook OSL, 4/22 Otter Tail SDM, St. Louis mob, 4/23 Clay LCF; late south 5/20 Brown JSp, Lac qui Parle FE, Martin BB, 5/21 Fillmore NAO, Murray ND, 5/29 Hennepin SC.
1990Summer Probable breeding in Clearwater. Seen in 12 other northern counties plus Chisago; early migrants (?) 7/14, 17 Hennepin KB, OJ.
1990Fall Early south 9/7 Hennepin SC, Rice TB, 9/8 Anoka GP, Ramsey RH, 9/11 Hennepin OJ; late north 11/6 Koochiching GM, 11/12 Lake SWIMS, 11/18 Clay LCF; late south 11/15 Washington DS, 11/23 Washington WL, 11/25 Houston EMF.
1990Winter Reported on the Mankato, Sherburne NWR, Duluth, Rochester (4), Grand Marais, and St. Paul NE CBCs; also found at Isabella, Lake 12/30-115 SW, MS ; Hennepin (Wirth Park 1/31 GP and Cedar L. 2/3 SC); Bemidji, Beltrami 12/20 KH; Dakota; Ramsey 12/29; and overwintered in Houston EMF. 12/15 Sherburne (second winter record)
1991Spring Early south 3/7 (earliest date on record or wintering bird?) Hennepin SC. 3/19 Houston EMF, 3/23 Sherburne KR; early north 3/19 (earliest date on record or wintering bird?) Aitkin WN, 4/16 Marshall KSS, 4/20 Becker DEB; late south 5/19 Hennepin SC, Winona CS, 5/22 Houston EMF, 5/25 Olmsted BSE.
1991Summer Nested in Clearwater, Hubbard, St. Louis; seen in ten other counties as far south as Becker, Aitkin.
1991Fall Early south 8/26 Houston EMF, 8/30 Hennepin SC; late north 11/27 Clay LCF, Pennington KSS; late south 11/23 Martin BBo, 11/30 Houston EMF, Kandiyohi CJ, Washington WL.
1991Winter Many at feeders after the snow storms in November. Overwintered in Hennepin (up to 7 at OJ's feeder 2/13), Washington WL, Olmsted BSE, JB, and in Houston EMF. All other reports were in December only. More widely reported on CBC's with reports from Austin, Excelsior, Fairmont, Owattonna, St. Paul, and Willmar CBC's in the south, and on the Baudette, Grand Marais, Bemidji (count week) and Roseau CBC's in the north. Grand CBC total of 48, with an amazing 21 on Rochester CBC. 12/1-31, 1/1 Cottonwood (second winter record), 12/28 Lake of the Woods (first winter record), 12/28 Roseau (first winter record)
1992Spring Early south 3/1 Hennepin OJ, Olmsted BSE, Washington WL, 3/6 Hennepin SC (early March dates probably overwintered); early north 4/11 St. Louis AE, 4/14 Becker BBe; late south 5/25 Chisago DZ, 5/26 Brown JS.
1992Summer Nested in Marshall MCBS, Aitkin; probable nesting in Crow Wing. Reported in 14 additional counties as far south as a line through Marshall, Becker, Morrison, Washington.
1992Fall Early south 9/4 Hennepin TT, 9/9 Hennepin SC; late north 11/24 Becker BBe, 11/29 Otter Tail SDM; late south 11/29 Hennepin SC, 11/30 Houston EMF.
1992Winter Reported from 14 counties (15 l.y.) mostly from the Twin Cities area southeast, but also Lyon in southwest, and the following north reports: 12/20 Otter Tail SDM, Aitkin PB & WN, and the Duluth and Grand Marais CBCs. CBC total 30 including 16 on the Rochester CBC.
1993Spring Early north 4/10 St. Louis ME, 4/13 St. Louis TW. Late south 5/22 Brown JS, 5/23 Ramsey KB.
1993Summer Nested in St. Louis; probable nesting in Crow Wing. Seen in nine additional counties in north central and northeast plus Roseau, Becker; also reported 6/1,21 and 7/26 in Hennepin SC (breeding?). 6/24 Winona (first summer record)
1993Fall Early south 9/1 Ramsey KB, 9/10 Anoka CF, Washington WL. Late north 11/18 St. Louis NJ, 11/27 Aitkin WN. Late south 11/22 Martin BBo, 11/30 Olmsted AP.
1993Winter Reported from 12 counties mostly in the southeast but also 12/18–2/15 Otter Tail (2) SDM, 1/1–2/26 Aitkin WN and St. Louis in the north. 12/1-31 Itasca (first winter record)
1994Spring Early south 3/5 Hennepin (overwintered?) TT, 3/26 Hennepin SC; early north 4/14 St. Louis MH, 4/16 Roseau PS.
1994Summer Nested in Koochiching; probable nesting in Becker. Seen in 11 additional north central and northeast counties plus Roseau, Polk, Clay, Otter Tail. At least two birds heard singing from mid to late June in Winona JPo. 6/1-31 Winona (second summer record)
1994Fall Early south 8/20 Washington DS, 9/6 Winona CS. Late north 11/20 St. Louis SW/MS, 11/30 Koochiching GM and St. Louis ME. Late south 11/29 Hennepin SC, 11/30 Houston EMF and Mower RRK.
1994Winter Reported from 13 counties. Overwintered in Anoka, Kandiyohi, Hennepin, Winona, and Houston in south, plus Koochiching and probably Cook in north. Other reports were in December and early January. 12/31 Roseau (second winter record)
1995Spring Early south 3/1 Hennepin (overwintered) SC, 3/2 Houston (overwintered) EMF, 3/18 Olmsted CK; early north 3/10 Aitkin WN, 4/16 St. Louis ME; late south 5/29 Hennepin DW.
1995Summer Nested in St. Louis; probable nesting in Mahnomen, Crow Wing. Seen in 14 additional counties as far south as a line through Becker, Pine.
1995Fall Early south 8/31 Hennepin fide AH, 9/3 Anoka KB and Winona JL, CS. Late north 11/26 St. Louis NJ, 11/30 Aitkin CMG. Late south 11/30 Hennepin DZ and Houston EMF, Ramsey KB. Peak migration 9/21–27 Cass MN and 9/26 Anoka when KB observed hundreds of individuals.
1995Winter Reported from 15 counties throughout the state, with remarkable numbers noted on the Duluth (13) and Rochester (22) CBCs. CBC total a record 59. 12/23 Le Sueur (first winter record)
1996Spring Early south 3/1 (overwintered) Freeborn ABa, 3/12 Hennepin DZ, 3/19 Dakota DBS. Early north 4/6 S. Louis AE, 4/15 Crow Wing PP, 4/18 Aitkin WN. Peak north migration 5/9–18. Late south 5/21 Wabasha JD, 5/23 Hennepin SC, 5/25 Washington DS.
1996Summer Seen in ten north central and northeast counties plus Roseau, Marshall, Becker, Pine; late migrant 6/20 McLeod RbS. 6/20 McLeod (first summer record), 7/17 Scott (first summer record)
1996Fall Early south 8/27 Murray RgS, 9/11 Hennepin SC and Ramsey KB. Peak 9/19 Beltrami DJo and Cass MRN. Late north 11/6 Hubbard HJF, 11/7 St. Louis NJ, 11/16 Aitkin WN. Late south 11/30 Nicollet LF.
1996Winter Reported from 13 south and 7 north counties, a record number (total 15 counties l.y.). The only overwintering noted was in Hennepin, Ramsey, Houston and 12/7–2/8 Aitkin WN. CBC total 45 (record 59 l.y.).
1997Spring Overwintered in Hennepin TT, Washington WL, and until 3/23 St. Louis fide KE. Other south sightings began 4/12 Lyon RgS, 4/14 Olmsted DA, BE. Early north 4/19 Aitkin WN, 4/20 Crow Wing PP. Peak number 4/30 Fillmore (75+) NO. Late south 5/25 Brown JSp, 5/29 Washington DS.
1997Summer Reported in ten north central and northeast counties plus Kittson, Roseau, Marshall, Kanabec; also 6/6 Hennepin, 6/8 Winona, 7/5 Jackson (Kilen Woods S.P.) KB.
1997Fall Early south 9/6 Hennepin TT, 9/31 Brown JSp and Dakota DBS. Late north 11/18 Becker BBe, 11/23 St. Louis NJ, 11/25 Aitkin CMG. Late south 11/30 Hennepin mob and Houston EMF.
1997Winter Reported from a record 23 counties (20 l.y.). Overwintering noted as far north as Otter Tail and Aitkin. Peak 1/5 Olmsted (30) AH. CBC total a record 87 (45 l.y.). 12/27 Lac qui Parle (first winter record), 12/1-31, 1/1 Todd (first winter record)
1998Spring Presumably overwintering birds south in Houston EMF, Olmsted DA/BE, BBr and north in St. Louis JN. Early migrants south 3/22 Anoka MM, 3/28 Wabasha BBr, 4/5 Ramsey TT. Early north 3/22 Lake of the Woods PS, 3/28 St. Louis JN, SL. Late south 5/13 Houston EMF, 5/17 Hennepin SC, 5/20 Hennepin TT.
1998Summer Seen in 11 northeastern and north central counties plus Kittson, Marshall, Becker, Pine, Anoka. New nesting record in Becker BK; probable nesting in Lake.
1998Fall Early south 8/21 Anoka RH, 8/24 Brown JSp, 8/28 Hennepin TT. Peak count 10/2 Lyon (88) RgS. Late north 11/21 Aitkin WN, 11/23 Carlton LW, 11/24 Cook KMH (also see winter report).
1998Winter Reported from 17 counties in all regions except the northwest. Overwintering was noted from Hennepin and Ramsey south, although also reported 2/21 St. Louis (Duluth) JN. CBC total 66.
1999Spring Presumably overwintered south and north, see winter report. Reports on 3/11 Winona BBr and 3/14 Hennepin DZ apparently refer to overwintering birds since nearly all other arrivals were mid-April or later. Probable migrant 4/3 Ramsey TT; also arrived 4/11 Jackson MJC, 4/13 Lac qui Parle FE. Early north 4/23 Otter Tail KKW and St. Louis SS, then 4/24 in three additional counties. Peak migration 4/30–5/3 St. Louis JN. No south reports after 5/27 Hennepin TT.
1999Summer Observed in 14 northern counties as far west as a line through Kittson, Becker, Mille Lacs; plus late migrant 6/2 Hennepin. 6/15 Sherburne (third summer record)
1999Fall Early south 8/19 Hennepin SC, 8/22 Houston MFo, 9/4 Olmsted CH. Late north 11/7 Aitkin WN, 11/13 St. Louis JN. Also see winter report.
1999Winter Reported from 18 counties in all regions except northwest and south central. Over-wintered in Hennepin, plus mid-winter reports from at least six additional counties.
2000Spring Reported from 27 south and 18 north counties. Probable migrants 3/30 Washington DS, 3/31 Meeker DF, but see winter report. Though not reported from the northwest region during winter season, 3/24 Clay BK may have overwintered, since recent median arrival 4/10. Next reported 4/6 St. Louis DZ, 4/13 Kanabec CM. Late south 5/31 Hennepin TT, also refer to summer report.
2000Summer Reported in Kittson, Roseau, Lake of the Woods, Beltrami, Itasca, Aitkin, Carlton, St. Louis, Lake, Cook; plus late migrant 6/2 Hennepin SLC, TAT.
2000Fall Appeared throughout south 9/11–13, preceded only by 9/8 Murray ND. High counts 10/23 Mower (100) RRK, 9/28 St. Louis (50) TPW.
2000Winter Reported from 20 counties in all regions except the West-central. All north reports were in December; only south reports after early January were from Murray, Freeborn, Olmsted, Rice, and Hennepin. 12/27 Lake of the Woods (second winter record)
2001Spring Reported from 34 south and 27 north counties. Possible migrants 3/18 Dakota KEO, 3/19 Winona CRM, but next seen 4/7–8 in five counties. Overwintering individuals 3/1 Freeborn AEB, 3/17–18 Olmsted mob. Early north 4/14 St. Louis (Duluth) TPW, 4/17 St. Louis (Ely) SES. Late south 5/27 Meeker DMF, but see summer report.
2001Summer Reported in nine North-central and Northeast counties plus Roseau, Marshall, Mille Lacs, Kanabec, Pine.
2001Fall Many south reports beginning 9/3 Hennepin SLC, 9/4 Houston JJS and Washington RBJ. High counts 9/18 St. Louis (40) TPW, 9/30 Wright (34) DFJ. Also see winter report.
2001Winter Reported from nine north and ten south counties, but absent from the Southwest and Central regions. Overwintered in St. Louis JEN and Otter Tail SPM. Only other reports after early January: 1/17 Wilkin MO, 1/27 Hennepin (3 in Minneapolis) TAT, 1/27 through 2/28 Lake JWL, 2/24 Kittson PHS, JMJ, SKS.
2002Spring Reported from 38 south and 25 north counties. Overwintered Hennepin TAT, DCZ (see winter report); early south 3/13 Freeborn AEB, 4/1 Olmsted CRM. Overwintered north (see winter report); migrants reported 4/12 St. Louis JWL, 4/13 Carlton LAW and St. Louis JRN. High counts 4/28 Wadena (97) PJB, 5/5 Polk (82) EEF.
2002Summer Observed in 11 North-central and Northeast counties plus Otter Tail, Mille Lacs; also 7/24 Meeker DMF. 7/24 Meeker (first summer record)
2002Fall Early south 9/12 Dakota JPM, 9/13 Anoka KJB and Hennepin REH, TAT. High count 10/3 Mower (46) RCK, RDK.
2002Winter Reported from 7 north and 18 south counties with overwintering in at least 9 counties as far north as Polk, Aitkin, St. Louis and Cook.
2003Spring Reported from 30 south and 17 north counties. See winter report for overwintering south and north. Potential early north migrant 4/15 Kanabec BLA (median 4/11). Late south 5/26 Nicollet ChH, 5/31 Hennepin HCT. Highest reported count 5/4 Polk (226) EEF.
2003Summer Observed in ten North-central and Northeast counties plus Roseau, Marshall, Polk, Mille Lacs, Pine; also 6/10 Hennepin PEJ. New nesting record in Carlton N.R.R.I.
2003Fall Found in all regions. Early south 9/4 Sherburne PLJ, 9/5 Chisago RBJ. Late north (but see winter report) 11/8 Todd JSK, SID, 11/15 Lake JWL. November reports south from 10 counties, including 11/18 Steele NFT, 11/19 Lac qui Parle FAE.
2003Winter Reported from six north and nine south counties. The only report from western regions was 12/14 Grand Forks-East Grand Forks CBC. Overwintered in Hubbard MAW, Carver RMD, and Hennepin m.ob. 1/3 Itasca (second winter record)
2004Spring Reported from 36 south and 22 north counties. Overwintered south and north. Peak migration 5/2 Cass MRN. Late south 5/26 Brown JJS, 5/27 Hennepin SLC, 5/28 Lac qui Parle BJU. Highest reported count 5/14 Lac qui Parle (400 estimate at Lac qui Parle W.M.A.) BJU.
2004Summer Tied with 2000 for record low number of reports: seen in eleven north counties. For in-depth discussion of this species' population status, please see The Loon 76:115–122. 7/12 Morrison (first summer record)
2004Fall Seen in all regions. Early south 9/8 Hennepin TAT, 9/11 Steele NFT. Late north (also see winter report) 11/13 Cook SLF, 11/28 St. Louis JRN. Five November reports from Twin Cities area, including Hennepin DCZ and Ramsey NSp through end of period.
2004Winter Reported from four north and seven south counties statewide. Overwintered Kandiyohi RSF. Also, reported west 12/2 Douglas fide JMJ, 12/18 Otter Tail SPM and McLeod (NW McLeod CBC) RWS, 2/12 Clay RHO. 12/2 Douglas (first winter record), 1/28 Sherburne (fourth winter record)
2005Spring Reported from 39 south and 27 north counties in all regions. Overwintered north and south. Late south 5/20 Hennepin DCZ, 5/17 Nicollet ChH. Highest reported count 4/30 Houston (1,000) DPS.
2005Summer Seen in 12 north counties and 6/1 Dakota JPM, 6/5 Lac qui Parle BJU, 6/16 Scott RBW. 6/16 Scott (second summer record)
2005Fall Observed in all regions. Early south 9/3 Rice TFB, 9/9 Rice DAB and Yellow Medicine WCM. Record-high fall count 9/29 Sherburne (340) ASc; notable total of 150 at Park Point 9/22 St. Louis PHS. Late north (but see winter report) 11/28 Otter Tail DTT, SMT.
2005Winter CBC total of 61 on 23 counts, including north reports 1/1 Hibbing and Long Prairie CBCs; late north 1/5 St. Louis (2) JRN. Probable overwintering south indicated by 1/20 Washington TEB, 1/25 Hennepin JLO. 12/16 Chisago (first winter record), 1/2 Cottonwood (third winter record), 12/17 Nicollet (second winter record), 12/17 Sherburne (fifth winter record), 1/1 Todd (second winter record)
2006Spring Reported in 43 south and 26 north counties in all regions. Overwintered in Olmsted LAV; also see winter report. South reports poured in starting mid-April and ceased after 5/21. Early north 4/6 St. Louis JRN, 4/9 Crow Wing CMC (median 4/11). Bulk of north reports began 4/21. Season high count 5/8 Clay (100) PBB.
2006Summer Reported from 16 northern counties.
2006Fall Reported from all regions. Early south 8/27 Redwood RBJ, 8/28 Anoka DWK and Sherburne ASc. Notable high counts 9/26 Sherburne (250) ASc, 10/8 Scott (240) BAF. Many winter observations north and south (see winter report).
2006Winter65 Number of reports was about average compared to the last five years, but down from last year. One or two 1/8–2/18 Lake probably overwintered in Silver Bay fide JWL, m.ob. The only report from the Northwest was possibly a late migrant 12/6 Marshall fide JMJ. In the south, a bird came to a feeder 12/3–1/20 Hennepin LS and another overwintered 12/15–2/18 Olmsted OWB. Additional non-CBC reports from Fillmore and Ramsey.
2007Spring3044 Overwintered south (see winter report) and north in Cook CJT and probably Lake fide JWL; 3/5 Roseau fide JMJ probably overwintered also. Bulk of south reports began mid-April and virtually ceased after 5/20. Bulk of north reports began 4/21 (median 4/11). Season high count 4/22 Scott (100 estimated) JCC.
2007Summer16 Reported from North-central and Northeast regions plus Roseau, Otter Tail, Pine.
2007Fall2646 Early south (median 8/29) 8/25 Sherburne PLJ, 8/29 Sherburne ASc, 8/31 Hennepin ALD, 9/3 Anoka JBB, Scott BAF. Notable high counts: 10/7 Scott (185, Murphy-Hanrehan P.R.) BAF, 9/20 St. Louis (130) PHS. Many winter sightings as well, both north and south (see winter report).
2007Winter614 Widely scattered reports north from Clay and Clearwater in the western and central regions to the northeast, primarily on CBCs. Noteworthy are reports from 12/5 and 12/13 Clearwater KLa, and 12/30 Pine (rest stop feeder, along I-35 near Sturgeon Lake) TPW. Reports were also scattered across the south. Overwintering was noted 12/10–2/29 Ramsey AXH and 12/1–2/29 Dakota (2, with one bird surviving a predation attempt in mid-December and making a complete recovery) ADS. Possibly overwintering 12/1–2/11 Anoka DPG and 12/25, 1/1 and 2/18 Meeker TNe. CBC high count Bloomington (8). 12/5, 13 Clearwater (second winter record), 12/25, 1/1, 2/18 Meeker (second winter record), 12/30 Pine (first winter record)
2008Spring3240 Overwintered south (see winter report). Early south (median 3/18) 3/21 Ramsey EMH, 4/2 Dakota ADS, 4/11 Meeker DMF, 4/14 Lac qui Parle BJU. Early north (median 4/11) 4/16 Marshall GT, 4/17 Otter Tail DST, 4/20 Aitkin KCR. Notable high count 4/30 Clay (300) RHO.
2008Summer141 Reported from all northern regions plus Pine, Stearns. 6/6 Stearns (first summer record)
2008Fall2836 Early south (median 8/29) 9/6 Carver JCy, 9/9 Dakota DWK, 9/12 Carver WCM, Stearns RBJ, 9/13 Big Stone PBB. Season high counts 9/28 St. Louis (255) BAF, 9/29 St. Louis (230) PHS, 10/3 Scott (181) BAF. See winter report for additional south observations.
2008Winter13 Fewer reports than in recent previous years. All north 12/4, 1/8 Douglas fide JMJ. Also reported from Bemidji, Cook, Duluth, and Ely CBCs. High count 2/14 Hennepin (small flock of 5 near downtown Minneapolis) BAF suggests over-wintering. 12/4, 1/8 Douglas (second winter record)
2009Spring3047 See winter report for records south. Presumed early south migrants (median 3/18) 3/10 Hennepin PEJ, 4/3 Anoka DWK, 4/12 Washington ALD. Early north (median 4/11) 4/16 Hubbard DCH, 4/17 Crow Wing JSB, 4/19 Lake JWL, 4/21 Clearwater KLa.
2009Summer15 Reported from North-central, Northeast, plus Marshall, Roseau, Mille Lacs. High counts 6/6 Koochiching (15) AXH, 6/25 St. Louis (10) TPW.
2009Fall2340 Early south 9/9 Hennepin SLC. New fall record high count 9/29 St. Louis (347) PHS. Other season high counts 10/17 Chisago (95) RBJ, 9/26 Sherburne (64) BAF. Late north 11/1 Douglas JPE, 11/12 Polk SAu, 11/27 Clay RHO (median 12/21). Late south 11/18 Hennepin SLC, 11/24 Blue Earth ChH, 11/27 Olmsted JWH (median 12/16).
2009Winter1014 More reports than in any of the prior five years, and many more than last year. One north report that suggests over-wintering: 1/28–31 Morrison (frequented residential Lake Alexander feeder) WFa. Probable over-wintering south reports (all apparently different birds) included 1/14 – 2/28 Anoka RLR, 1/23 – 2/21 Hennepin (2) LS, 1/24 Rice (TFB), 1/27 Hennepin (2) JSch, 2/1–5 Hennepin CMB, 2/26 Anoka DPG. 12/20 Clearwater (third winter record), 12/14 Lac qui Parle (second winter record)
2010Spring2840 Over-wintered south (see winter report). Presumed early migrants south (median 3/20) 3/5 Hennepin JnS, 3/6 Ramsey BNW, 3/14 Sibley DWK. Early north (median 4/11) 3/21 Kanabec BHa, 3/24 Crow Wing KWo, 4/2 Lake JWL, 4/6 Polk SAu. Season high count 4/30 Hennepin (140 at Bass Ponds) MDu. Late south 5/22 Chisago PBE, DWK, 5/23 Renville BJU, Nicollet ChH, RMD, Winona GLa. See summer report for late migrants into June. Bulk of south reports of this species are from the first week of April through mid-May.
2010Summer154 Reported north and east of a line from Marshall to Washington, plus Stearns. 6/2 Sherburne (sixth summer record), 6/7 Stearns (second summer record), 7/15 Washington (second summer record)
2010Fall2846 Early south (median 8/29) 8/26 Sherburne ASc, 9/3 Hennepin SLC, 9/4 Anoka DWK, Big Stone BJU, Carver JCy, Lac qui Parle BJU, Ramsey REH, Washington DFN. Late north 11/25 Douglas PJK, 11/27 St. Louis NAJ, Todd HHD (median 12/21). South reports continue into winter season. Season high count 9/16 Crow Wing (100, Agate Lake) JSB.
2010Winter1015 Reported from about the same number of counties as last year. Only one north report after the CBC period: 2/5 St. Louis SES. Also reported on 10 north CBCs, with a high count 12/18 Duluth (4). South reports were lacking in the Southwest, with most from the Twin Cities and the Southeast. South reports after the CBC period included apparently overwintering birds: Carver (Laketown Twp., WCM), Scott (Jordan, SMi), and multiple birds in Hennepin (2, Richfield, PEJ; Excelsior, DBM; Minnesota Valley N.W.R. Headquarters, m.ob.). CBC high count 12/18 St. Paul (North) (11). 12/18, 20, 22 Kittson (first winter record), 12/5, 12, 19, 21, 26, 1/2, 9, 16, 23, 30, 2/6, 13, 27 Scott (third winter record)
2011Spring3349 Reported throughout the state. See winter report for over-wintering individuals. Presumed early south migrants (median 3/20) 3/21 Hennepin CMB, 4/3 Hennepin DWK, CMB, Rice DAB, 4/4 Olmsted LAV. Early north (median 4/11) 4/5 Polk MC, 4/13 Otter Tail ARo, St. Louis JLK, 4/15 Hubbard MAW. Late south 5/21 Big Stone BJU, Dodge JWH, Lac qui Parle BJU, 5/22 Carver JCy (median 5/27). Season high counts 4/30 Hennepin (T. S. Roberts Bird Sanctuary) with reports of 100 (TAT, CMB) to 200 (JJo) individuals, also 4/30 Rice (100) DCu.
2011Summer212Found in all northern regions plus Mille Lacs, Pine, Rice, Stearns. First county breeding record from Lake of the Woods BWa. High counts 6/15–16 St. Louis (45 along Echo Trail and 50 along Superior National Forest Road 200) AJo, BWi. 6/2 Rice (first summer record), 6/8 Stearns (third summer record)
2011Fall2947 Reported statewide. Early south (median 8/29) 8/17 Sherburne PLJ, 8/29 Chippewa BJU. Record high fall count 10/9 St. Louis (504, Park Point R.A.) KJB. Frequent north reports through mid-November, then only 11/20 Clay RHO, 11/30+ Polk SAu. Also see winter report.
2011Winter414CBC high counts 12/17 Rochester (4), 12/17 St. Paul (North) (3). Overwintering noted 12/1–2/13 Polk SAu, 12/18–2/21 Lake JWL, 12/3- 2/29 Dakota ADS. Additional north reports from December in Clay (S. Moorhead) and in St. Louis (Duluth, Virginia CBC). 1/22 Lac qui Parle (third winter record), 12/17 Sherburne (seventh winter record), 2/29 Watonwan (first winter record)
2012Spring3146 Overwintered south and north. Presumed early south migrants (median 3/20) 3/12 Hennepin (University of Minnesota, West Bank campus) MDu, 3/14–15 Hennepin CMB, 3/17 Ramsey JFR, Winona SPu. Early north (median 4/11) 3/10 Clay (S. Moorhead) RHO, 3/30 Itasca (Dunning Lake) EEO, 4/9 Morrison FGo, 4/10 Kanabec CAM. High counts 5/4 Carver (75, Rapids Lake Unit, Minnesota Valley N.W.R.) JCy, 5/5 Hennepin (43, Veterans Memorial Park) MDu. Late south 5/24 Hennepin KSo, 5/25 Rock (3) TMo (median 5/27).
2012Summer214 Reported from all northern and central regions plus Fillmore. High count 6/15 St. Louis (21, T50R19a) JLK. First county breeding record from Itasca fide BBA. 6/14 Fillmore (first summer record), 6/23 Otter Tail (first summer record), 6/8 Sherburne (eighth summer record)
2012Fall3046 One found in Anoka in summer lingered until late September. Early south migrants 8/11 Benton DBM, 8/21 Washington LMS, 8/23 Kandiyohi LMS, 8/25 Wright MJB. High counts 9/22 St. Louis (1,035, a new state high count seen along a 4.5 mile stretch of East Superior Street between Hwy. 61 and McQuade Rd.) PHS, 9/21 St. Louis (730, Hawk Ridge/Lester River Census) KJB. Late north 11/12 St. Louis JLK, 11/14 Hubbard MAW, 11/30 Polk SAu (but also see winter report). Many south reports into December.
2012Winter715 Widely scattered reports from all regions statewide. All north: 12/2–2/3 Polk (2) SAu, 12/15 Duluth CBC, Fergus Falls CBC, 12/16 Carlton-Cloquet CBC, 12/22 Two Harbors CBC (3), Uppgaard W.M.A. CBC, 12/27 Crosby CBC, 12/29 Cook Area CBC, 12/31 Roseau BSi, 1/19–28 St. Louis (Duluth, overwintering) BDK, m.ob., 1/19 Lake JWL, and 2/24 Lake JWH (overwintering?). Numerous south reports with several individuals also overwintering. CBC high counts 12/15 Excelsior (7), 12/15 Rochester (4). 1/4 Chippewa (first winter record), 12/19, 1/24 Lac qui Parle (fourth winter record), 12/31, 1/14 Roseau (third winter record)
2013Spring3349 Overwintered south and north. Presumed early south migrants 3/17 Martin ANy, DBz, Olmsted SHk, 3/27 Hennepin BeH, AlL. Early north (median 4/11) 4/23 St. Louis CMn, 4/26 Cass FAB, Morrison RZi, Todd JeM, DTM then seven other counties on 4/27. Second highest count 5/8 St. Louis (1,100, Duluth, Park Point) KJB. Also 5/9 Steele (150) PSu. Late south 5/30 Benton ToL, Chisago RZi, Hennepin TAT (median 5/27), but see summer report for late migrants.
2013Summer235 Found north of a line from Clay to Hennepin to Fillmore. First county breeding records from Anoka fide BBA, Pine EHl. 6/8 Fillmore (second summer record), 6/2 Olmsted (first summer record), 6/3 Washington (third summer record)
2013Fall2844 Early south (median 8/29) 8/23 Ramsey REH, 9/4 Hennepin CMB, 9/6 Ramsey JWu. High counts 10/5 St. Louis (600) JLK, 10/5 St. Louis (426) CAR. Numerous reports for both south and north regions continue well into the winter season.
2013Winter819 More reporting counties than in any of the five prior winters, which is notable given the harsh winter. Widely scattered statewide, but few reports southwest of a line from Polk to Blue Earth. February reports from Benton, Hennepin (5 locations), St. Louis, Sherburne, Steele, Washington (2 locations), Winona likely represented overwintering individuals. Overwintering explicitly noted in St. Louis KGr, Hennepin (Golden Valley) RBJ, Hennepin (Nicollet Island) AbA, Hennepin (Richfield) PEJ. CBC high counts 12/14 Faribault (11), 12/14 Rochester (7). 12/13, 14, 15, 18 Brown (first winter record), 12/6 Itasca (third winter record), 12/20 Stevens (first winter record), 1/1 Todd (third winter record)
2014Summer6/2 Douglas (third summer record), 6/7, 8 Ramsey (second summer record), 7/12 Stearns (fourth summer record)
2014Winter12/3, 1/2 Itasca (fourth winter record), 12/29 Roseau (fourth winter record)
 Breeds mostly north. Migrant throughout, overwinters south.


Click on the bird name to see a photographic image of the bird.
Column N  Number of counties where the bird was seen in the North.
Column S  Number of counties where the bird was seen in the South.