Species Distribution
Included here are nesting range maps for those species which normally nest in the state, and the approximate location(s) where migrants, winter visitants, casual and accidental species occur or have occured.

For regularly occuring species which are strictly migrants, summer visitors or winter visitors, the maps attempt to depict those areas where these species are most often or most likely to be found. Not every record is depicted for migrants, as they can often occur anywhere. In those cases where migrants usually occur in a very restricted area, (e.g., Parasitic Jaeger, Red Knot), only those locations are shown, even though records from other areas may have been recorded.

These maps are only intended to be used as a general guide. Obviously, without accompanying text to put species maps in their proper context, the real status of any bird depicted cannot be very accurate. Details such as abundance, frequency or records outside the normal range or season of regularly occuring species are not shown.

While we have made every effort to depict accurate information, variations in actual ranges from year to year are inevitable. For a more complete discussion, refer to Robert Janssen's Birds in Minnesota.


Range Maps for Minnesota Birds
 Nesting Species  Permanent Resident  Migrent/Summer Visitor  Former Range
 Winter Visitor  Casual Species  Accidental Species
Ducks, Geese, Swans
Greater White-fronted Goose
Snow Goose
Ross's Goose
Cackling Goose
Canada Goose
Mute Swan
Trumpeter Swan
Tundra Swan
Wood Duck
Gadwall
American Wigeon
American Black Duck
Mallard
Blue-winged Teal
Cinnamon Teal
Northern Shoveler
Northern Pintail
Green-winged Teal
Canvasback
Redhead
Ring-necked Duck
Greater Scaup
Lesser Scaup
Harlequin Duck
Surf Scoter
White-winged Scoter
Black Scoter
Long-tailed Duck
Bufflehead
Common Goldeneye
Hooded Merganser
Common Merganser
Red-breasted Merganser
Ruddy Duck
New World Quail
Northern Bobwhite
Pheasants, Grouse, Turkeys
Gray Partridge
Ring-necked Pheasant
Ruffed Grouse
Spruce Grouse
Sharp-tailed Grouse
Greater Prairie-Chicken
Wild Turkey
Loons
Red-throated Loon
Pacific Loon
Common Loon
Grebes
Pied-billed Grebe
Horned Grebe
Red-necked Grebe
Eared Grebe
Western Grebe
Clark's Grebe
Storks
Frigatebirds
Cormorants
Double-crested Cormorant
Pelicans
American White Pelican
Herons, Egrets, Bitterns
American Bittern
Least Bittern
Great Blue Heron
Great Egret
Snowy Egret
Little Blue Heron
Cattle Egret
Green Heron
Black-crowned Night-Heron
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron
Ibises
White-faced Ibis
New World Vultures
Turkey Vulture
Osprey
Osprey
Hawks, Eagles, Kites
Bald Eagle
Northern Harrier
Sharp-shinned Hawk
Cooper's Hawk
Northern Goshawk
Red-shouldered Hawk
Broad-winged Hawk
Swainson's Hawk
Red-tailed Hawk
Rough-legged Hawk
Golden Eagle
Rails, Gallinules, Coots
Yellow Rail
Virginia Rail
Sora
Common Gallinule
American Coot
Cranes
Sandhill Crane
Avocets, Stilts
American Avocet
Plovers, Lapwings
Black-bellied Plover
American Golden-Plover
Semipalmated Plover
Piping Plover
Killdeer
Sandpipers
Spotted Sandpiper
Solitary Sandpiper
Greater Yellowlegs
Willet
Lesser Yellowlegs
Upland Sandpiper
Eskimo Curlew
Whimbrel
Hudsonian Godwit
Marbled Godwit
Ruddy Turnstone
Red Knot
Stilt Sandpiper
Sanderling
Dunlin
Baird's Sandpiper
Least Sandpiper
White-rumped Sandpiper
Buff-breasted Sandpiper
Pectoral Sandpiper
Semipalmated Sandpiper
Short-billed Dowitcher
Long-billed Dowitcher
Wilson's Snipe
American Woodcock
Wilson's Phalarope
Red-necked Phalarope
Jaegers
Parasitic Jaeger
Auks, Murres
Gulls, Terns, Skimmers
Bonaparte's Gull
Little Gull
Franklin's Gull
Ring-billed Gull
Herring Gull
Thayer's Gull
Iceland Gull
Lesser Black-backed Gull
Glaucous Gull
Great Black-backed Gull
Caspian Tern
Black Tern
Common Tern
Forster's Tern
Pigeons, Doves
Rock Pigeon
Eurasian Collared-Dove
Mourning Dove
Passenger Pigeon
Cuckoos
Yellow-billed Cuckoo
Black-billed Cuckoo
Barn-Owls
Owls
Eastern Screech-Owl
Great Horned Owl
Snowy Owl
Northern Hawk Owl
Barred Owl
Great Gray Owl
Long-eared Owl
Short-eared Owl
Boreal Owl
Northern Saw-whet Owl
Nightjars
Common Nighthawk
Eastern Whip-poor-will
Swifts
Chimney Swift
Hummingbirds
Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Kingfishers
Belted Kingfisher
Woodpeckers
Red-headed Woodpecker
Red-bellied Woodpecker
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Downy Woodpecker
Hairy Woodpecker
American Three-toed Woodpecker
Black-backed Woodpecker
Northern Flicker
Pileated Woodpecker
Falcons, Caracaras
American Kestrel
Merlin
Peregrine Falcon
Prairie Falcon
Flycatchers
Olive-sided Flycatcher
Eastern Wood-Pewee
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher
Acadian Flycatcher
Alder Flycatcher
Willow Flycatcher
Least Flycatcher
Eastern Phoebe
Great Crested Flycatcher
Western Kingbird
Eastern Kingbird
Shrikes
Loggerhead Shrike
Northern Shrike
Vireos
White-eyed Vireo
Bell's Vireo
Yellow-throated Vireo
Blue-headed Vireo
Warbling Vireo
Philadelphia Vireo
Red-eyed Vireo
Crows, Jays, Magpies
Gray Jay
Blue Jay
Black-billed Magpie
American Crow
Common Raven
Larks
Horned Lark
Swallows
Purple Martin
Tree Swallow
Northern Rough-winged Swallow
Bank Swallow
Cliff Swallow
Barn Swallow
Chickadees, Titmice
Black-capped Chickadee
Boreal Chickadee
Tufted Titmouse
Nuthatches
Red-breasted Nuthatch
White-breasted Nuthatch
Creepers
Brown Creeper
Wrens
House Wren
Winter Wren
Sedge Wren
Marsh Wren
Carolina Wren
Gnatcatchers
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher
Dippers
Kinglets
Golden-crowned Kinglet
Ruby-crowned Kinglet
Old World Flycatchers
Thrushes
Eastern Bluebird
Mountain Bluebird
Townsend's Solitaire
Veery
Gray-cheeked Thrush
Swainson's Thrush
Hermit Thrush
Wood Thrush
American Robin
Varied Thrush
Mockingbirds, Thrashers
Gray Catbird
Brown Thrasher
Northern Mockingbird
Starlings
European Starling
Pipits
American Pipit
Waxwings
Bohemian Waxwing
Cedar Waxwing
Snow Buntings and Longspurs
Lapland Longspur
Chestnut-collared Longspur
Smith's Longspur
Snow Bunting
Warblers
Ovenbird
Louisiana Waterthrush
Northern Waterthrush
Golden-winged Warbler
Blue-winged Warbler
Black-and-white Warbler
Prothonotary Warbler
Tennessee Warbler
Orange-crowned Warbler
Nashville Warbler
Connecticut Warbler
Mourning Warbler
Kentucky Warbler
Common Yellowthroat
Hooded Warbler
American Redstart
Cape May Warbler
Cerulean Warbler
Northern Parula
Magnolia Warbler
Bay-breasted Warbler
Blackburnian Warbler
Yellow Warbler
Chestnut-sided Warbler
Blackpoll Warbler
Black-throated Blue Warbler
Palm Warbler
Pine Warbler
Yellow-rumped Warbler
Black-throated Green Warbler
Canada Warbler
Wilson's Warbler
Yellow-breasted Chat
Towhees, Sparrows
Spotted Towhee
Eastern Towhee
American Tree Sparrow
Chipping Sparrow
Clay-colored Sparrow
Field Sparrow
Vesper Sparrow
Lark Sparrow
Savannah Sparrow
Grasshopper Sparrow
Henslow's Sparrow
Le Conte's Sparrow
Nelson's Sparrow
Fox Sparrow
Song Sparrow
Lincoln's Sparrow
Swamp Sparrow
White-throated Sparrow
Harris's Sparrow
White-crowned Sparrow
Dark-eyed Junco
Tanagers, Cardinals, Grosbeaks
Summer Tanager
Scarlet Tanager
Western Tanager
Northern Cardinal
Rose-breasted Grosbeak
Blue Grosbeak
Indigo Bunting
Dickcissel
Blackbirds, Orioles
Bobolink
Red-winged Blackbird
Eastern Meadowlark
Western Meadowlark
Yellow-headed Blackbird
Rusty Blackbird
Brewer's Blackbird
Common Grackle
Great-tailed Grackle
Brown-headed Cowbird
Orchard Oriole
Baltimore Oriole
Finches
Pine Grosbeak
House Finch
Purple Finch
Red Crossbill
White-winged Crossbill
Common Redpoll
Hoary Redpoll
Pine Siskin
American Goldfinch
Evening Grosbeak
Old World Sparrows
House Sparrow



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